This week, Marta, Jess, and I went to the Cambodian Living Arts show at the Cambodian National Museum. It was spectacular! The proceeds from the show go to support education in Khmer dance, music, puppetry, and art throughout Cambodia. In a little over an hour, viewers are treated to Apsara (nymph) dance which was performed in the courts of the Angkor Empire. After the Khmer Rouge murdered many Royal Ballet dancers, the intricate and precise movements of this style and dance were recreated and relearned from some of the carvings at Angkor Wat!
In addition to Apsara dance, several dances from the ethnic minorities in the provinces were performed, and showcased the tremendous amount of diversity in dance styles, as well as the reasons for which the dances are performed.
The show opened with the Kab Krobey Phek Sra or Buffalo Sacrificing Ceremony. The blessing ceremony is from the Phnorn ethnic minority in Ratanakiri. The dance has an ominous beat performed by a band with a set of steel drums and symbols. Khmer culture includes a tremendous synergy of Buddhism, Hinduism, and animism. In many events including weddings and the beginning of construction, the spirits that inhabit the spaces, objects, or animals that are being used must be placated to prevent the mischievous spirits from wreaking havoc or causing bad luck. This dance is performed to ask spirits for peace and good health for the community.
We were then treated to Apsara dance, I found it hypnotizing. The movements are so precise, and the dancers move with their entire body including the head, eyes, fingers and toes. The dance is believed to date back to the 7th century! Apsara are celestial female spirits, and are seen as the mothers of Khmer dances and symbols of Khmer culture.
Below is an image of the peacock dance, peacocks are symbols of happiness and this dance from the Mondulkiri province shows two peacocks courting.
The Nesat dance, or fishing dance, is ‘ahead of its time’ and emphasizes the importance of natural resources and especially water. It shows that where there is water, there are fish and therefore livelihoods are supported. But that description is from the screen above the dancers….
I was pretty uncomfortable toward the end of this dance because it was practically just about the immature flirting of the two main protagonists for a solid five minutes. Like, middle-school-style ‘I steal your basket, and then I give you a flower to make it up to you’ type of flirting, but for some reason in a dance?
This is the Tep Monorom, the Dance of Heavenly Gods and Goddesses for Happiness, it depicts gods and goddesses dressed in their finest regalia. It is a very typical dance because it shows courting gestures between the gods and goddesses in heaven. They dance to wish people and a nation happiness and prosperity. The dancer on the right side of the center pair was probably the most coordinated human being I’ve ever seen. She moved her head and eyes with such precision, it was really magical!
Phloy Suoy is a dance that originates from the Suoy ethnic group from the Oral Moutnain Range in the Kompong Speu Province. The Suoy perform this dance in dedication to the cave spirit, as well as other gods who protect their community.
At the end all the dancers came out together — I definitely recommend this as a must-see in Phnom Penh!!!